For all you pedants[1] out there, three terms you may wish to learn:

- Metonym
- Synecdoche
- Metaphor

As in "Silicon Valley is a metonym, and is used as a synecdoche and metaphor for the tech sector, venture-backed startups, and Web-based or App-based start-ups, as a whole."

See:
news.ycombinator.com/item?id=2

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Notes:

1. Some, though certainly not all, of my favourite, or at least well-liked, people, and other life forms, or simulacra, are pedants. Or sometimes resemble them. In ways.

@dredmorbius For a great visual aid see: Synecdoche, New York.

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